22 | 05 | 2018
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Aktueller Devisenkurs Rial


CBI 42.060 49.568
Goldmünze   20.260.000 Rial  

An Feiertagen werden keine Devisenraten veröffentlicht.

Quellen:  www.cbi.ir   tala.ir




Deutsch-Iranischer Außenhandel im 1. Quartal 2018

In den ersten drei Monaten 2018 lag der deutsch-iranische Außenhandel mit 798 Mio. Euro 2% niedriger als im 1. Quartal 2017. Deutschland lieferte Wa­ren im Wert von 695 Mio. Euro (-1%); die iranischen Lieferungen nach Deutschand  lagen bei 103 Mio. Euro (-8%).

Wichtigste Warengruppen bei den deutschen Lieferungen nach Iran im 1. Quartal 2018 wa­­ren Ma­­schi­nen, Apparate und mechanische Geräte (252  Mio. Euro),  optische, photo­gra­fische usw. Er­zeug­­nisse (53 Mio. Euro), Kraft­­­fahr­­zeuge, Land­fahr­zeuge (52 Mio. Euro), pharma­zeu­tische Er­zeug­nisse (49 Mio. Euro) sowie elektrotech­ni­sche Er­zeug­nisse (48 Mio. Euro).

Die iranischen Liefe­run­gen nach Deutschland im Berichtszeitraum setz­ten sich u.a. zu­sam­­men aus Früch­­­­­­­ten und Nüssen im Wert von 43 Mio. Euro, anderen Waren tie­­ri­schen Ur­sprungs (Häu­te und Schafs­­därme (10 Mio. Euro), pharmazeutische Erzeugnisse (8 Mio. Euro) sowie Schellack, Gummen, Harz und Pflanzensaft (7 Mio. Euro) und Teppi­chen (7 Mio. €).  Eine Tabelle mit 98 Warengruppen kann angefordert werden.  Nach Angaben des Statis­ti­schen Bun­des­amtes, Revision: Aug. 2017 – Jan. 2018    http://marin-consult.com

EU-Iran Trade in First Quarter 2018 at 5.3 Bil­li­on Euro

EU-Iran Foreign Trade in the first quarter of the year 2018 reached 5.303 Bil­li­on Euro. The 28 EU countries exported goods worth $ 2,390 mn to Iran and imported goods worth $ 2,913 mn.  As a result, trade balance between Iran and EU stood at € 523 million in favor of Iran. Italy was the most important EU- trade partner of Iran, with a trade volume of 1,226 million Euro, fol­lowed by France (801 mn Euro) and Germany  (791 mn Euro). 

From January to March 2018 the European Union (EU28) export of goods to Iran stood at € 2390 mn, a de­crea­se of 6% compared with the first quarter of 2017.  According to the la­test (preliminary) data by Euro­stat, the statistical office of the European Union, 29% of the EU-ex­ports to Iran came from Ger­many, which delivered goods worth € 696 mn, that was 1% less than in the first three month of 2017. Second (17%) was Italy with exports worth € 408 mn (-2%), followed by France (€ 248 mn, -46%) and the Netherlands (€ 211 mn, +42%).   

In the first quarter 2018 the 28 EU countries imported goods worth  € 2,913 mn from Iran, (an increase of 5%  compared with the first three month of 2017).  With the removal of most of the sanctions at the end of January 2016, Iran again started the export of oil to Europe.  That is the reason for the high growth rates in Iranian exports to some EU countries.  Major Iranian ex­ports to the European Union  go to Italy, which imported goods worth € 818 mn from Iran (+1%), Spain (€ 578 mn, +75%), France (€ 553 mn, -10%), Greece (€ 549 mn, +71%) and  the Netherlands (€ 114 mn, -68%).  Germany holds place six with imports worth 95 mil­­lion Euro (-9%).   http://marin-consult.com

Trumps Iran-Sanktionen setzen weltweit Firmen unter Druck

Mit wirtschaftlichen Sanktionen versucht die amerikanische Regierung, Iran in die Knie zu zwin­gen. Hauptbetroffen vom Handelsverbot sind vorwiegend europäi­sche Firmen.  Die NZZ hat eine Übersicht mit Beiträgen der Wirtschaftsredaktion und von Korrespondenten aus Washington, Berlin und Brüssel ver­öf­fent­licht: https://www.nzz.ch/wirtschaft/donald-trump-setzt-mit-iran-sanktionen-weltweit-firmen-unter-druck-ld.1386168?mktcid=nled&mktcval=107&kid=_2018-5-16


Neues zur Ein- und Ausfuhr von Devisen

Die  Ausfuhr von Devisen aus Iran durch Flugreisende ist auf 5.000 Euro bzw. den Gegenwert in an­­deren Währungen  beschränkt;  für andere Reisende liegt die Beschränkung bei  2.000 Euro.  Eingeführt werden dürfen (ohne weitere Erklärung) weiterhin 10.000 Euro. 

Die Ein- und Ausfuhr von Rial ist – gemäß  cbi-Rundschreiben vom 12. Dezember 2017 - auf 50 Mio. Rial beschränkt. 

Die von Iranern zu zahlende Ausreisegebühr betragt 2,2 Mio. Rial.

Iran Banks Allowed to Purchase Foreigners’ Hard Currency

Tehran (FT):  Iran’s banks have been allowed to purchase the hard currency held by foreign tourists, transit drivers, foreign diplomatic missions based in Iran and representative offices of foreign banks.  CBI’s permit is in line with giving banks the main “intermediary role in ma­na­ging foreign exchange resources” and guiding those resources to those who need them.

The Central Bank of Iran has allowed lenders to purchase the hard currency held by foreign tou­rists, transit drivers, foreign diplomatic missions based in Iran and representative offices of fo­reign banks.  In a statement published on CBI's website on Saturday, the bank said these enti­ties can sell their currency to banks at the rate announced by the central bank through a writ­ten request. The bank adds that the purchases would have to be approved by the Organization for Investment, Economic and Technical Assistance of Iran.  CBI said that this is in line with gi­ving banks the main "intermediary role in managing foreign exchange resources" and guiding those resources to those who need them.  The decision would further sideline exchange houses in the wake of restrictions that followed forex rate unification on April 9. Exchangers had played an important role during the past sanctions in conducting forex transactions because of tough em­bargo on banks. The government decided to unify the dollar's exchange rate at 42,000 rials in the wake of a sharp slide in the value of rial.  According to the measures, the US dollar for all purposes, including imports, travel, overseas students and research projects, will be offered by the government at the exchange rate of 42,000 rials.  The announcement was later followed by other measures approved by the Cabinet and subsequently notified by CBI. 

The central bank launched the Forex Deals Integrated System (locally known by the acronym Ni­ma) to track all forex transactions involving banks, exchange houses, importers and export­ters. 

CBI Governor Valiollah Seif later said recent forex decisions taken by the government have been aimed at immunizing the economy from "enemies' propaganda", particularly those coming out of the US.

The latest statement also comes days after US President Donald Trump announced that the Uni­ted States was pulling out of the Iran nuclear deal and reimposing sanctions that were in place before the 2015 agreement.  Starting Aug. 7, the US will also impose sanctions on the purchase or acquisition of US dollar banknotes by Iran’s government, the US Treasury Depart­ment has said.  The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (the formal name of the nuclear deal) curbed Iran's nuclear activities in return for the lifting of sanctions imposed by the UN, the US and the European Union.

Other Measures

Fars News Agency also revealed on Saturday that the Foreign Ministry is negotiating with embassies in Tehran for visa applicants to pay their fees in rial rather than a foreign currency. 

The new forex regulations have made it difficult for applicants to obtain foreign currency for purposes not defined in CBI's directives and hence the ongoing negotiations with embassies. 

Under the procedures, visa applicants would be able to pay their fees through a POS device in the local currency and the embassies would be reimbursed by Saman Bank in foreign exchange. 

Mohammad Reza Pour-Ebrahimi, the chairman of Majlis Economic Commission and a vocal critic of the government's forex policy, said the parliament has held off its decision to introduce a double-urgency bill for stabilizing the forex market. Pour-Ebrahimi was quoted as saying by Tas­nim News Agency that since meetings between lawmakers and First Vice President Es'haq Jahangiri are underway, the parliamentary motion would roll only if they fail to achieve under­standing.